Spot Truckload Rates Rise Amid Supply Chain Imbalances
Spot truckload freight rates increased again last week, bucking typical trends for late July, said DAT Solutions, which operates DAT One, the industry’s largest load board network.
The number of spot dry van, refrigerated, and flatbed loads on DAT One decreased 3% during the week ending July 26 while the number of trucks posted increased 2%. Spot rates, which usually taper off during July, have been elevated as shippers and freight brokers turn to the spot market to help them manage imbalances in their supply chains.
National Average Spot Rates, July
– Van: $2.03 per mile, up 22 cents compared to June
– Flatbed: $2.19 per mile, up 12 cents
– Reefer: $2.29 per mile, up 14 cents
These rates are rolling averages for the month through July 26. They include a fuel surcharge.
National average month-to-date line-haul rates (excluding a fuel surcharge) increased 1 cent for vans and flatbeds at $1.83 and $1.95 per mile, respectively, compared to the previous week. The average spot reefer line-haul rate was unchanged at $2.07.
Trends to Watch
Spot line-haul van rates are above 2018 levels: The national average spot line-haul van rate (excluding fuel surcharges) reached $1.88 per mile last week, equal to the same week in 2018 when capacity was considerably tighter. Load posts on DAT One were roughly 30% higher year over year as a result of shippers utilizing the spot market more due to pandemic-related disruptions.
DAT’s Ratecast forecasting model expects dry van rates to plateau through the end of August, although there is upward pressure due to continued freight imbalances, uneven surges in demand for certain commodities, and overall supply chain dislocation.
Retail lanes are busy: Average spot van rates were higher on 50 of DAT’s top 100 lanes by volume compared to the previous week and pricing increased on several key lanes:
– Memphis to Atlanta: $3.01 per mile, up 45 cents
– Houston to Oklahoma City: $2.55 per mile, up 19 cents
– Stockton, Calif., to Salt Lake City: $3.16 per mile, up 12 cents
DAT’s Market Conditions Index (MCI) shows average rates moving higher in larger retail freight hubs including Ontario, Calif., a bellwether for truckload activity given its proximity to the ports in Los Angeles. Following a surge in imports in June, spot van loads out of Ontario were up 4% week over week and increased for the fourth week in a row as freight moves to warehouse hubs like Phoenix, Dallas, and Stockton.
Produce imports arrive in the East: Volumes increased on half of DAT One’s top 72 reefer lanes. East coast import markets, including Philadelphia and Elizabeth, N.J., were up a combined 6% week over week and 29% month over month as produce from the southern hemisphere arrives by sea. Harrisburg, Atlanta, Boston, Lakeland, Fla., and Miami were the top five destinations for reefer freight from Philadelphia and Elizabeth last week and reefer spot rates out of both markets were strongest in the 300-mile length of haul range.
DIY and home construction boosts flatbed volume: Flatbed freight volumes are expected to remain high based on data from the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, which reported a 17% increase in new home construction in June. Expect ongoing demand to haul standard framing dimension softwood lumber as wholesalers and distributors look to stock depleted inventories.
DAT operates DAT One, the largest truckload freight marketplace in North America. The company’s DAT iQ analytics group delivers market trends and data insights derived from 183 million freight matches and a database of $118 billion of market transactions.